Fundamental Teachings of Buddhism

Rev. Alan Sakamoto
Orange County Buddhist Church

I. Introduction

  1. Yesterday — discussed the life of Shakyamuni Buddha.
  2. Today — some of the fundamental teachings of Buddhism
    1. Four Noble Truths
    2. Noble Eightfold Path
    3. 3 Marks of Existence
    4. 6 Realms of Existence
    5. 3 poisons
    6. The middle way
  3. Movement of Buddhism from India (see map)
  4. Buddhism transcends morality and ethics.

II. Four Noble Truths

  1. Life has suffering
  2. There is a reason for suffering
  3. There is an end to suffering which is enlightenment.
  4. The Path to enlightenment/awakening is through the Noble Eightfold Path.

III. Noble Eightfold Path

  1. Right — the definition is not black and white, but relative.
  2. Right View
  3. Right Thought
  4. Right Speech
  5. Right Conduct
  6. Right Livelihood
  7. Right Effort
  8. Right Mindfulness
  9. Right Meditation IV

III. 3 Marks of Existence

  1. Impermanent
  2. Interconnected
  3. Dissatisfaction

IV.  6 Realms of Existence

  1. Heaven (tennin) — realm of pleasure
  2. Human (ningen) — realm of human beings
  3. Fighting Demons (ashura) — Realm of Anger
  4. Animal (chikusho) — Realm of ignorance
  5. Hungry Ghosts (Gaki) — Realm of Greed
  6. Hell (Jigoku) — Realm of extreme suffering

V. 3 Poisons

  1. Primary causes for dissatisfaction in this world.
    1. Ignorance
    2. Greed
    3. Anger

VI. The Middle Way

  1. the term that Siddhartha Gautama used to describe the character of the path he discovered that leads to liberation.